如何提高词汇量how to imrove lexical resouce
01Read, read, read
Read something you enjoy reading: the more you enjoy it, the more you will read and the more you read, the more vocabulary you will learn. It doesn’t matter if you are reading a signpost on the street or Harry Potter-you can learn English anywhere and everywhere.
02Review, review, review
If you don’t review, you will forget. It is often boring to review, but it is absolutely essential to retain and consolidate vocabulary learnt. There’s no point learning new words, in fact it would be a waste of time if you can’t even remember the words you have learnt previously.
03Use an English-English dictionary
It may be difficult at first but it will have far-reaching effects, as every time you learn a new word you will be reviewing old vocabulary. These days learner dictionaries only use around 2,000 of the most common words found in the English language. Such a vocabulary base should already be developed by the stage a student gets to high school. A translator may have short-term benefits but will only slow you down in the long run.
04Use it or lose it
Always try to use new words in conversation or writing as this is the best way to remember a word. The more you use it, the easier it will be to recall next time you wish to use it,
As a non-native speaker, it doesn’t matter how many words you learn; there will always be a time when you don’t know the word for something you wish to express. This will be even more likely when you are in a test and you are feeling nervous, tired and maybe even scared. Therefore, it’s important that you have the ability to paraphrase. Open up any book or even a dictionary and see if you describe a word using other words-you may use a synonym, parallel expression or even a sentence to describe your meaning. Even native speakers use this technique as everyone’s mind goes blank from time to time.
06Learn all word forms
Students most commonly use an incorrect word form, that is, they use a noun when they should use a verb or they use an adjective when they should use an adverb. When you learn a new word also find out what the part of speech is and what the other word forms are.
如何提高语法和准确性how to improve grammatical range and accuracy
Often when you are speaking you don’t realize how many mistakes you make or what they are. You’ll be surprised that you can actually pick up a lot of mistakes yourself if you replay your talk, and by copying it down, it will probably bring out even more errors. Once you’ve noted your most common errors, get yourself a grammar practice book and practice your weaknesses.
02Take apart and reconstruct sentences
Open up any book and choose a sentence. Break up the sentence into smaller sentences and then without referring back to the original sentence see if you can put it back together again. In Speaking test, you will need to be able to produce both short and complex sentence forms. You will not get a high score if you only use short simple sentences for the sake of accuracy.
03Practice linking words and expressions
The easiest way to make a sentence sound more complex is by using a linking word. Get yourself a grammar book and practice using conjunctions and linking words.
04Read, read, read
The more you read, the more good grammar you will come across. The more accurate and complex grammar you are exposed to, the more likely it is that some of it will rub off on you.
如何提高发音how to imrove pronunciation
01Note down phonemics
When you learn a new word, it is essential that you also learn how to say it otherwhise you can use it in writing but not in speaking. By learning and using the phonemic script for each new word you learn, you will feed more confident when it comes to using it verbally.
02Repeat after a recording
Practice repeating after a recording over and over again. The first time you may have the clarity but you will most likely be missing the other native speech patterns such as word and sentence stress, rhythm and intonation, sound links, weakened forms and contractions. Keep practicing until it sounds identical to the native speaker.
This will help you to improve your motor skills. As English is not your mother tongue, your mouth will not be used to using certain muscles. Therefore they need to be given a workout as often as possible. If you read aloud a typescript it will give you the opportunity also to listen and check your pronunciation.
04Listen, listen, listen
The more you listen, the more familiar the sounds of the English language will become to you. This will assist in predicting the pronunciation of new words in case you do not have a dictionary handy to look up the phonemics.